Actually, Hovda had little to do with the NFL finally recognizing concussion as an issue. The alarm was sounded first by Robert Cantu, M.D. in Boston and Julian Bailes, M.D. in W Virginia. The Sport Legacy Institute was founded on the basis of the combined input of Cantu and a pathologist in Boston who first observed CTE, Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy.
Dr Cantu was trying to sound the alarm well over 20 years ago. It has been an uphill battle for 20 years with team doctors straddling the fence between the team owners and the players.
The research into soccer related concussion issues goes back to the 70's.
It was not until some big lawsuits that the tide started to change. That combined with the publicizing of some suicides of players brought the issue to the public.
It is sad and maybe criminal to see the way CDC, NIH, NFL, NHL, NCAA, and others have tried to deny the long term risks of concussion.
The best research was done in the 70's by Dorothy Gronwall, et. al. but was ignored even when she repeated it and republished her findings in the 1990's.
We still have a long way to go. The players are stronger and faster and the hits are harder. Even air bags are not preventing concussions like needed.
But, the momentum is starting to build. We just need to keep it going by promoting the good concussion doctors and refuting the concussion quacks.
Mark in Idaho
58 years old, retired due to disability, married 33 years, father of three, grandfather of four, Suffered a serious concussion at 10 years old (1965) stopped most driving after last concussion at 46 years old (2001), Post Concussion Syndrome/Multiple Concussion/Impact Syndrome with PTSD, immediate and short term visual and auditory memory problems, slowed processing speed, visual and auditory processing difficulties, insomnia, absence seizures, OCD, 14 concussions since first concussion at 8 years old, Taking paroxetine for 14 years and gabapentin for 12 years. Added L-Tryptophan and successfully stopped all paroxetine after 3 months of tapering down. I currently take 500 mgs of L-Tryptophan when I wake up, 500 mgs after breakfast with my vitamin regimen and 500 mgs late in the evening.
As of Nov 15th, Due to high stress issues resulting in PTSD, my docs put me on three meds. Clonazepam (Klonopin, a dreaded benzo but only for 30 days ) .125 mgs twice daily (Doc prescribed .25 mgs twice daily but half a tablet is doing good) , citalopram (Celexa), an SSRI , and olanzapine (Zyprexa), an atypical anti-psychotic before bed. I have lost over 30 pounds since mid July. The olanzapine is supposed to help me gain some of it back but it has just stopped the weight loss. They took me off the gabapentin. I am feeling better than I have in years.
I am also taking L-Theanine to help with GABA regulation
"Be Still and Know That I am God" Psalm 46:10